DRAFT

Permanently disarm, end militarism and convert 90% of Defense Department and Military Industrial Complex (DoD-MIC) personnel, resources, spending and contracts for use for peaceful purposes with no layoffs

(Updated September 23, 2014)


(This is a work in progress. Please provide comments/suggestions/additional actions to

 PeopleNow.org by email: refinetheplan@peoplenow.org or Fax 703-521-0849)


Introduction

 

This plan outlines the actions required to permanently disarm, end militarism and convert 90% of the Department of Defense and the military industrial complex (DOD-MIC) personnel resources and spending for peaceful purposes with no layoffs.


It also provides the first rough draft of a "Defense Doctrine


We will have a World Beyond Wars if we accomplish this plan along with the pertinent elements of the Universal Movement and Strategic Plan for a Permanently Peaceful, Prosperous, Just, Sustainable World described at www.PeopleNow.org


Table of Contents

 

Introduction

 

I. Purpose

 

II. Objectives

 

III. Background

A. No viable, military threats to the U.S. exist

B. Wars are illegal and unconstitutional.

C. The Department of Defense employs over three million individuals and spends about a trillion dollars a year

1. About 90% of DoD resources and funds are being wasted

2. Primary excuse - if defense funding is cut, unemployment will increase.

3. The answer - Full Employment with former U.S. troops and MIC workers organize and work in new WPAs and CCCs on items in the Common Agenda

 

IV. Actions - Our Public Servant Working with the People Must:

A. Began detailed planning using excess DOD_MIC personnel and resources, refine and Implement this Disarmament and Conversion Plan in coordination with the implementation of the Universal Movement and Strategic Plan for a Permanently Peaceful, Prosperous, Just. Sustainable World

B. Apply Lessons Learned by the Soviets and Others When they Decreased the Size of their Armed Forces and Converted their Defense Industries

C. Develop and Implement a Defense Doctrine

D. Organize, Fund and Strengthen the State Guards (Militias)

E. Reprogram 100% of Spending on Illegal Programs for Use for Peaceful Purposes

F. Reprogram about 90% of total DoD-MIC Spending for Use for Peaceful Purposes

G. Use the Remaining 10% of DoD-MIC Spending for the Common Defense.

H. Phase out the Standing Military and Transfer/Employ about 90% of DoD Civilian and Military Personnel Including U. S. Troops and Government Contractors Coming Home from Overseas to Provide Leadership, Training, Planning, Technical Personnel and Workers For Peaceful Purposes

I. Convert about 90% Department of Defense Land, Bases, Facilities, Buildings, Equipments, Ships, Vehicles and Aircraft for Use for Peaceful, Productive Purposes

J. Convert Most DOD Contracts From Producing Weapon Systems to Producing Products for Peaceful, Productive Purposes and Assign Management of Contracts to the New WPA

K. Use time and materials type contracts with no profits, overhead, G & A, or percentages of any kind in all these contracts

L. Government Help Workers Purchase and Operate Insolvent Companies

M. Conduct the Contracting, Work, Bookkeeping and Disbursement of Funds Locally

N. Encourage and Work with State and Local Governments to Develop and Implement Individual Parallel Movements and Plans

O. U.S. Develop Plans and Lead Efforts to Rapidly Outlaw and Phase Out All Nuclear and other Offensive Weapons Worldwide

 

V. Maintain the Status of this Plan Up to Date and Available to the Public

 

Attachment A: Constitutional War Powers: Common Defensive Not Offense and State Guards (Militias), Not Standing Armies


I. Purpose


Provide a general plan to permanently disarm, end militarism, phase out the standing military and convert about 90% of the Department of Defense and military industrial complex (DoD-MIC) personnel, facilities, land, vehicles, aircraft, small craft, funding, contracts, and other resources to strengthened State Guards and the United Nations peacekeepers and for work outlined in the Common Agenda for a peaceful, just, prosperous world with no involuntary layoffs with the remaining 10% used for the common defense.


II. Objectives:


     A. Develop and implement a “Defense Doctrine,” Endnote for the U.S. based on cooperation and diplomacy with other Nations.


     B. Help organize and strengthen State Guards to become more effective, ready and able to execute their Constitutional and other responsibilities.


     C. Develop plans to rapidly decrease the size of standing armies and inventories of offensive weapons with the U.S. taking the lead. Ultimately outlaw large standing armies and offensive weapons.


     D. Provide the heart of a dedicated workforce of planners, logisticians, technicians and workers to address the serious challenges including global warming\climate change, developing and implementing sustainable energy sources to replace carbon and nuclear power based sopurces and providing a decent life now and in the future for all mankind.

 

     E. A thriving effective prosperous, peaceful, just, sustainable green world economy that has effectively integrated DoD-MIC personnel, facilities, land, vehicles, industries and other resources.

 


III. Background


     A. No viable, military threats to the U.S. exist. No country has even one twentieth of the existing functional arsenal or weapon systems building programs that the U.S. has. Terrorist acts against the U. S. will essentially disappear when the Plan to Permanently End US Wars, Occupations, Use of Force, Sanctions, Military Alliances and Empire Building Worldwide is commenced.


     B. Wars are illegal and unconstitutional.

 

           1. Wars have been illegal and all conflicts must be settled by peaceful means since the Kellogg-Briand Pact, an international treatment to outlaw war, was signed in 1928 and ratified by the Senate in 1929


           2. As outlined in Attachment A, the U.S. Constitution, the supreme law of the land, clearly shows that:


                 a. Standing armies are to be “raised” by Congress when needed and should not be permanent.

 

                 b. Militias (State Guards) are supposed to “repel invasions” which they could easily do since we have no real enemies

 

     C. The Department of Defense employs over three million individuals and spends about a trillion dollars a year. Despite there being no threats and wars being illegal, according to the DoD website:

 

The Department of Defense employs over three million well educated highly trained individuals, 95% percent of whom have high school diplomas versus 79 percent of the national work force. 450,000 of them are stationed overseas. They include every profession. They have been provided technical, leadership, and professional development and core values of duty, integrity, ethics, honor, courage, and loyalty have been reinforced throughout their careers.

 

DoD has several hundred thousand individual buildings and structures at more than 5,000 different locations or sites and over 30 million acres of land.

 

When the cost of wars and all supporting agencies and activities are counted, DoD-MIC spends over a trillion dollars a year.


           1. About 90% of DoD resources and funds are being wasted on illegal wars, drone attacks, covert operations and useless Cold War weapons systems, and overseas bases that are generating terrorists and ill will against the U.S.


           2. Primary excuse - if defense funding is cut, unemployment will increase.


           3. The answer - Full Employment with former U.S. troops and MIC workers organize and work in new WPAs and CCCs on items in the Common Agenda: infrastructure repair, alternative energy sources, heath care for all, affordable housing, etc. This work will be therapeutic and will improve the self-esteem of all involved


IV. Actions - Our Public Servant Working with the People Must:


     A. Began detailed planning using excess DOD_MIC personnel and resources, refine and Implement this Disarmament and Conversion Plan in coordination with the implementation of the Universal Movement and Strategic Plan for a Permanently Peaceful, Prosperous, Just. Sustainable World in particular:


           1. The Plan to End U.S. Wars, Occupations, Use of Force, Sanctions and Military Alliances, Close U.S. Overseas Installations and Bring All U.S. Troops and Contractors Home

 

           2. The Plan to Fully Fund and Help Reform and Strengthen the United Nations, UN Peacekeepers, the World Court, the International Criminal Court (ICC) and INTERPOL and Provide them the Authority to Settle Conflicts and Disputes By Peaceful and Legal Means


     B. Apply Lessons Learned by the Soviets and Others When they Decreased the Size of their Armed Forces and Converted their Defense Industries


Russia and other former Soviet block countries have considerable experience and have learned many lessons about reducing their armed forces and converting their military industries for civilian purposes which they began in the late 1980's.


Much of this early experience is described in two articles published on pages 16-20, Vol. 46, No. 1, Jan/Feb 1990 issue of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. (http://bit.ly/pa7yQd). Much more similar and less dated information is available and being researched.


The following is paraphrased from these articles with key points bolded for emphasis by the compiler.


     1. Guns Into Butter, Soviet Style by Leonid Vid, deputy chairman of the U.S.S.R. State Planning Committee (Gosplan):


     a. “Soon after the signing of the Soviet-U.S. treaty on intermediate-range nuclear forces (INF) in December 1987, our top economic priority became conversion with two elements:


                 (i) reduction of the armed forces and

 

                       (ii) transforming military into civilian production.

                 

           we began reducing military production and arms spending in early 1988. This aspect of the conversion process was formalized on March 21, 1989. [The Russians have a twenty four years lead, but the U.S. could quickly catch up.]

 

[Shortly after this, Soviet officials proposed to U.S. officials, substantial reductions in Soviet and U. S. nuclear weapons and other arms which sadly U.S. officials rejected.]

 

the essence and main problem of conversion concerns the second element - the diversification and retooling of the armaments industry and its research and design branches.

 

Long term planning is crucial for the demilitarization of national economies in countries such as the United States and the Soviet Union, because the conversion process involves many sectors of production and must have constant political guidance, as well as government supervision.”

 

By 1990, 400 defense plants were being retooled to manufacture more civilian products, while some other plants had been temporarily closed for major reconstruction. Three defense plants were ready for complete conversion

 

As defense plants started producing machinery and equipment to process agricultural goods, they found that civilian research institutes were preparing designs that did not meet modern requirements.

 

Actually, the high cost of goods produced at defense plants is one of the negative aspects of conversion.

 

Another difficulty of conversion concerns military equipment that is unusable for civilian production.

 

Conversion in the United States and the Soviet Union should be actively and consistently buttressed by political decisions and agreements furthering the disarmament process and building up trust.”


2. Conversion or Chaos? by John P. Hardt, Associate Director of the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress. Excerpts:

 

     3.  Leonid Vid’s frank and revealing article suggests that for the Soviets, conversion is a much broader and longer term policy than so far has been assumed in the West [Mr. Hardt stated this in early1990 - sadly it is still very true today].

 

     4.  I would contend that a major, immediate shift from defense to civilian growth is necessary - and an end to the privileged access to resources enjoyed by the military.

 

     5.  The choice between guns and butter rests on three potential policy shifts:


                 a. Implementing a defensive military doctrine [our Constitution requires a common defense not offense] would greatly reduce the priority requirements of the military on the economy, in terms of both quantity and quality.

 

b. The pursuit of global interdependence according to Gorbachev’s “new thinking” would downgrade the role of military forces and military aid.

 

c. The allocation of resources now and in the upcoming five-year plan, to fulfill consumption requirements would reinforce the reduction of the military sector’s priority.”


     C. Develop and Implement a Defense Doctrine. The development of a Defense Doctrine was recommended by John P. Hardt, Associate Director of the Congressional Research Service of the Library of Congress, in his article “Conversion or Chaos?" about the Soviets transforming from military to civilian production

 

     D. Organize, Fund and Strengthen the State Guards (Militias) formerly called National Guards as necessary to execute their Constitutional and other responsibilities

 

     E. Reprogram 100% of Spending on Illegal Programs for Use for Peaceful Purposes

 

           1. War on terror, torture, assassinations, secret arrests, renditions, abusive treatment of detainees and prisoners, use of paramilitaries, spying on the people of the U.S. and CIA spending on drones.

 

           2. Overtly or covertly, intervening in the internal affairs or attempting "regime changes" in any country.


     F. Reprogram about 90% of total DoD-MIC Spending for Use for Peaceful Purposes. This can be done by:


           1. Ending U.S. wars, occupations, attacks with drones, covert operations, all uses of force and prohibiting the use of any appropriations for any of these acts

 

           2. Closing U.S. overseas bases and facilities

 

           3. Drastically reducing the size and changing the roles of the standing Army, Navy, Marine Corps, Air Force, Department of Defense, Defense Agencies, Warfare Centers and Laboratories

 

           4. Phasing out all offensive weapon systems including:


                 a. Nuclear weapons


                 b. Anti-ballistic missile (ABM) systems

 

                 c. Armed and spy drones


                 d. All combat aircraft and warships in particular nuclear submarines and aircraft carriers

                 e. Depleted uranium


                 f. Napalm


                 g. Agent Orange


                 h. Land mines


           5. Ceasing deployments of U. S. Ships, aircraft, members or units of the U. S. Armed Forces and military contractors

 

           6. Ending all military aid, arms/munitions sales/gifts and military technical support.

 

           7. Not using the U. S. Military inside the United States

 

     G. Use the Remaining 10% of DoD-MIC Spending for the Common Defense.

                      ,

     H. Phase out the Standing Military and Transfer/Employ about 90% of DoD Civilian and Military Personnel Including U. S. Troops and Government Contractors Coming Home from Overseas to Provide Leadership, Training, Planning, Technical Personnel and Workers For Peaceful Purposes in:


           1. A New Works Projects Administration (WPA)

 

           2. New Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC).

 

           3. Work in the Common Agenda

 

           4. The Peace Corps


           5. State Guards, which will be under the control of state governments

 

     With No Involuntary Layoffs!

 

As appropriate and if eligible these individuals can go to college, go back to their old job, or find a new job,. There will be employment opportunities for all and no involuntary layoffs although transfers will obviously be necessary.


     I. Convert about 90% Department of Defense Land, Bases, Facilities, Buildings, Equipments, Ships, Vehicles and Aircraft for Use for Peaceful, Productive Purposes, for example:


           1. Bases, facilities, buildings for WPAs and CCCs to plan, train and manage work from.


           2. National Guard helicopters, C-130, C-17 and other military aircraft equipped with advanced sensors and precision delivery (PCAD) systems for fighting wild fires and combating hazardous material incidents.


           3. Barracks as dormitories and emergency housing


           4. Land to build affordable housing and communities


           5. Hospitals and clinics which are being closed turned into not for profit Medicare/Medicaid hospitals and clinics that provides free, single payer comprehensive physical, dental, and mental health care for everyone, civilians, military and veterans, and also educate and trains, doctors, nurses, dentists, nurses aids and other health care personnel.


           6. Firefighting training facilities on bases to train civilian firefighters.


           7. Environmental friendly, energy efficient, safe versions of the products that they normally produce e.g. Rail and trolley instead of automobiles.


           8. New items needed for the work outlined in the Common Agenda.


     J. Convert Most DOD Contracts From Producing Weapon Systems to Producing Products for Peaceful, Productive Purposes and Assign Management of Contracts to the New WPA in particular for the work, programs and projects listed in the Common Agenda. For example, instead of producing F35 fighter/bombers and aerial tankers, build firefighting aircraft to combat the ever increasing wildfire threat which is being exacerbated by global warming. This work should employ modern technologies such as stir welding of aluminum. Also, these firefighting aircraft should be equipped with modern technology including heat/fire sensors, night vision, GPS, all weather capability, sophisticated digital sensors and communications and the precision firefighting system.


     K. Use time and materials type contracts with no profits, overhead, G & A, or percentages of any kind in all these contracts


     L. Government Help Workers Purchase and Operate Insolvent Companies. Keep their workforce employed at a living wage producing useful goods.


     M. Conduct the Contracting, Work, Bookkeeping and Disbursement of Funds Locally using:


           1. An industrial funds system approach


           2. Time and materials type contracts with companies not paid a profit or percentage of the value of the contract


           3. Temporary or permanent government hires with managers and workers paid wages at the Davis Bacon local prevailing rates. (Review, refine and revise these rates as necessary)


           4. This will speed up contracting and reduce costs


As appropriate encourage the preparation of Individual Parallel Movements and Plans for Cities, Counties, States and Ultimately Foreign Countries beginning with Washington DC, arguably the most important city in the world. See the Highlights of the Movement and Plan for a Peaceful, Prosperous, Just, Sustainable Washington DC


     N. Encourage and Work with State and Local Governments to Develop and Implement Individual Parallel Movements and Plans. See the Highlights of the Movement and Plan for a Peaceful, Prosperous, Just, Sustainable Washington DC.

 

     O. U.S. Develop Plans and Lead Efforts to Rapidly Outlaw and Phase Out All Nuclear and other Offensive Weapons Worldwide


Nuclear weapons are illegal [also immoral and no longer a deterrent] as stated in the book Nuclear Weapons are Illegal, The Historic opinion of the World Court and how it will be enforced, edited with an introduction by Ann Fagan Ginger, Executive Director of the Meiklejohn Civil Liberties Institute, Berkeley, California.


Congress and the Administration must:

 

           1. Take the lead on complete disarmament the cessation of the nuclear arms race and complete disarmament as required by Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), which requires: pursue negotiations in good faith on effective measures relating to cessation of the nuclear arms race at an early date and to nuclear disarmament, and on a treaty on general and complete disarmament under strict and effective international control.


           2. Cease expending any funds on any nuclear weapon development programs or to improve or refine existing programs.


                 a. Build on ongoing initiatives and develop a comprehensive Plan for the United States Role in Global Nuclear Disarmament which includes identifying obstacles and the underlying reasons for these obstacles and proposes short and long range solutions.


                 b. Provide full funding and attention to securing all nuclear weapons and nuclear weapon materials as rapidly as possible.


                 c. Conduct meaningful negotiations with all of the world's nuclear powers and Iran on the phase out of all nuclear weapons.


                 d. Immediately remove all U.S. weapons of mass destruction including any nuclear weapons from the Mideast as required by Article 14 of UN Security Council resolution 687.


                 e. Assist in maintaining the Middle East WMD/Nuclear Weapons Free Zone and insure that there are no nuclear or other weapons of mass destruction on any U.S. Ships or in possession of any other U.S. forces deployed in the Middle East as required by Article 14 of UN Security Council Resolution 687 (1991). This resolution calls for "establishing in the Middle East a zone free from weapons of mass destruction and all missiles for their delivery."


                 f. Eliminate funding for nuclear weapon development and improvement programs including bombplex/"complex transformation", the reliable replacement warhead (RRW) programs and any other nuclear proliferation initiatives. This is required by Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT).


Accomplishing the above will strengthen the U.S. government's position when requesting that other states such as Iran and North Korea not develop nuclear weapons and will encourage other countries to help with other serious problems.


           3. Other offensive weapons to be outlawed include:


                 a. Armed and spy drones. Considerable detailed information about drones are provided at www.droneswatch.org.

 

                 b. Weapons in space

 

                 c. Anti ballistic missile systems.


                 d. Depleted uranium


                 e. Napalm


                 f. Agent Orange


                 g. Land mines

 

                 h. Chemical Weapons



V. Maintain the Status of this Plan Up to Date and Available to the Public


The status of all of these items should be continually maintained and available to the public on the White House web site.

Attachment A


Attachment A: Constitutional War Powers: Common Defensive Not Offense and State Guards (Militias), Not Standing Armies

 

“War ... should only be declared by the authority of the people, whose toils and treasures are to support its burdens, instead of the government which is to reap its fruits.”

 

“Testimony of all ages forces us to admit that war is among the most dangerous enemies to liberty, and that the executive is the branch most favored by it of all the branches of Power.”


                                                                            President James Madison


War Powers and Responsibilities granted to Congress by the Constitution under Article I. - The Legislative Branch, Section 8 - “The Congress shall have Power:”


     To Provide for the common Defense [Not offense]

 

To Define and punish Piracies and Felonies committed on the high Seas, and Offenses against the Law of Nations;

 

To declare War, grant Letters of Marque and Reprisal, and make Rules concerning Captures on Land and Water;

 

To raise and support Armies, but no Appropriation of Money to that Use shall be for a longer Term than two Years;


     To provide and maintain a Navy;


     To make Rules for the Government and Regulation of the land and naval Forces;

 

To provide for calling forth the Militia to execute the Laws of the Union, suppress Insurrections and repel Invasions;

 

To provide for organizing, arming, and disciplining the Militia, and for governing such Part of them as may be employed in the Service of the United States, reserving to the States respectively, the Appointment of the Officers, and the Authority of training the Militia according to the discipline prescribed by Congress.

 

To make all Laws Footnote which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into Execution the foregoing Powers, and all other Powers vested by this Constitution in the Government of the United States, or in any Department or Officer thereof.”


War powers and responsibilities granted to the President by the Constitution are very limited and are:

           1. Article II - Section 1:

                 a. The executive Power shall be vested in a President of the United States

                 b. The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States [by Congress]; ...

           2. Article II - Section 3

                 a. The President “shall take Care that the Laws [made by Congress] be faithfully executed”.

 

Please note that: “Shall” is a mandate and “faithfully” executed implies that the spirit and intent of the “Laws” are executed. This mandate is all encompassing and covers all the private and public sectors, the legislative, judicial and executive branches of government, corporations, the election laws, banking laws. The president has the entire executive department to support him in executing this massive and critical responsibility.


Endnotes